Milk Production Management and Dairy Development

Teacher

Prof. Niranjan Barik

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name : Milk Production Management and Dairy Development

Code (Credit) : CUTM1144 (2-1-0)

Course Objectives

  • To acquaint the students about different types of indigenous breed of cattle and buffaloes.
  • To provide basic inputs about production, planning and management of
    dairy farms as well as development of clean milk production.

Learning Outcomes

  • To develop basic idea about animal husbandry and to learn farm management practices.
  • To generate knowledge about the milk production channel in dairy animals and feed resources.
  • To access knowledge on reproduction cycle of dairy animals and to familiarize with different bio-techniques.

Course Syllabus

Module-I: Animal Husbandry and Exotic Breeds (3 hrs)

  • Introduction to Animal Husbandry
  • Distinguishing characteristics of India and exotic breeds of dairy animals and their performance.
  • Systems of breeding and methods of selection of dairy animals.

Module-II: General Dairy Farm Practices (5 hrs)

  • Identification, dehorning, castration, exercising, grooming, weighing.
  • Care of animals at calving and management of neonates.
  • Management of lactating and dry cows and buffaloes.
  • Methods of milking, milking procedure and practices for quality milk production.
  • Systems of housing dairy animals and maintenance of hygiene and sanitation at dairy farm premises.

Practice (4.5 hrs)

  • Handling and restraining of dairy animals.
  • External body parts and judging of cows and buffaloes.
  • Feeding and management practices of calves.
  • Milking of dairy animals and cleaning and sanitation of milking equipment.

Module-III: Dairy Farm Records and Disease Problems (2 hrs)

  • Dairy farm records and their maintenance.
  • Common disease problems in dairy animals, their prevention and control.

Module-IV: Animal Feed Nutrients and its Standards (5 hrs)

  • Feed nutrients required by animal body.
  • Feed resources for milk production and their nutritive values.
  • Digestive system of ruminants and measures of feed energy.
  • Nutrients requirements for growth and milk production.
  • Feeding standards.

Practice (4 hrs)

  • Identification of common feeds and fodders.
  • Preparation of rations for adult animals.

Module-V: Animal Reproductive System and Artificial Insemination (5 hrs)

  • Structure and function of mammary system, milk secretion and milk let-down.
  • Male and female reproductive system.
  • Estrus and reproductive cycle, Ovulation, fertilization, gestation, parturition, pregnancy diagnosis.
  • Artificial insemination and embryo transfer and their role in animal improvement introduction to bio-techniques in dairy animal production.

Practice (4 hrs)

  • Identification of reproductive and digestive organs.
  • Demonstration of semen collection, processing and artificial insemination.

Suggested Readings

  • Handbook of Animal Husbandry- Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi
  • A Textbook of Animal Husbandry- G. C. Banerjee

Session Plan

Session 1

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Session 2

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