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This subject deals with general methods of preparation and reactions of some organic compounds. The reactivity of organic compounds are also studied here. The syllabus emphasizes on mechanisms and orientation of reactions. Chemistry of fats and oils are also included in the syllabus.
Benzene and its derivatives
A. Analytical, synthetic and other evidences in the derivation of structure of benzene, Orbital picture, resonance in benzene, aromatic characters, Huckel’s rule
B. Reactions of benzene - nitration, sulphonation, halogenationreactivity, Friedelcrafts alkylation- reactivity, limitations, Friedelcrafts acylation.
C. Substituents, the effect of substituents on reactivity and orientation of monosubstituted benzene compounds towards electrophilic substitution reaction
D. Structure and uses of DDT, Saccharin, BHC and Chloramine
• Phenols* - Acidity of phenols, effect of substituents on acidity, qualitative tests, Structure and uses of phenol, cresols, resorcinol, naphthols
• Aromatic Amines* - Basicity of amines, effect of substituents on basicity, and synthetic uses of aryl diazonium salts
• Aromatic Acids* –Acidity, effect of substituents on acidity and important reactions of benzoic acid.
• Fats and Oils
a. Fatty acids – reactions.
b. Hydrolysis, Hydrogenation, Saponification and Rancidity of oils, Drying oils.
c. Analytical constants – Acid value, Saponification value, Ester value, Iodine value, Acetyl value, Reichert Meissl (RM) value – significance and principle involved in their determination.
• Polynuclear hydrocarbons:
a. Synthesis, reactions
b. Structure and medicinal uses of Naphthalene, Phenanthrene, Anthracene, Diphenylmethane, Triphenylmethane and their derivatives
• Cyclo alkanes*
Stabilities – Baeyer’s strain theory, limitation of Baeyer’s strain theory, Coulson and Moffitt’s modification, Sachse Mohr’s theory (Theory of strainless rings), reactions of cyclopropane and cyclobutane only
Analytical, synthetic and other evidence in the derivation of the structure of benzene, Text Note: Synthetic and Spectral Evidences of Structure of benzene,
Friedel crafts alkylation- reactivity, Text Note: EAS reactions_Friedel crafts alkylation and acylation, Friedelcrafts acylation, limitations, Text Note: Limitations of Friedel-Craft's reaction
Substituents, the effect of substituents on reactivity, Text Note: The Effect of Substituents on Reactivity, The Effect of Substituents on Orientation, The Effect of Substituents on pKa. Video Link: The Effect of Substituents on Reactivity, The Effect of Substituents on Orientation, The Effect of Substituents on pKa.
Phenols* - Acidity of phenols, the effect of substituents on acidity, Text Note: Acidity of Substituted Phenols - Chemistry LibreTexts, Effect of substituents on Acidity of Phenol. Video Link: https://youtu.be/h-dXz6E-kBw
Aromatic Amines* - Basicity of amines, Text note: Aromatic Amines_Basicity of amines_effect of substituents on basicity and synthetic uses of aryldiazonium salts, the effect of substituents on basicity. Video Link: https://youtu.be/T3EdL1vs48Q
Polynuclear hydrocarbons: Structure, Synthesis, reactions, and medicinal uses of Diphenylmethane.
Polynuclear hydrocarbons: Structure, Synthesis, reactions, and medicinal uses of Triphenylmethane.
1. Organic Chemistry by Morrison and Boyd
2. Organic Chemistry by I.L. Finar, Volume-I
3. Textbook of Organic Chemistry by B.S. Bahl & Arun Bahl.
4. Organic Chemistry by P.L.Soni