Domain Track: Smart Farm Machinery

Teacher

Shekhar Kumar Sahu

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Domain Courses

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Domain Track Title: Smart Farm Machinery

Track Total Credits (T-P-P): (6-9-13) 28 Credits

Courses Division( list of all divisions):

1. Product Development Brief; CUFM2220 (0-1-1)
2. Sensor, Actuators and Robot Operating Systems; CUFM2221 (2-2-0)
3. Farm Machinery Design; CUFM2222 (2-0-1))
4. Piloting a Drone; CUFM2223 (1-2-0)
5. PLM using Dassault Tools; CUFM2224 (1-2-0)
6. Testing of Farm Machinery; CUFM2225 (0-2-1)
7. Product Development Project; CUFM2226 (0-0-10)

Domain Track Objectives:

1. To make student learn about the smart technologies and their application in farm machinery.
2. To make student learn how to design farm machinery and develop its 3D model in software.
3. To make student learn how to simulate the model using software.
4. To make student learn how to develop a prototype model and test it in rearl conditions.

Domain Track Learning Outcomes:

1. Studnets will be able to think how to apply smart technologies in farm machinery
2. Students will be able to design and simulate 3D model of machinery.
3. Students will be able to develop a prototype of smart machine based on farmers feedback.
4. Students will be able to test the machine in real field conditions.

Domain Syllabus:

1. Product Development Brief (0-2-1)

1.1 Customer or User Requirement for Specification (Gate 0)
1.2 Requirement gathering and feasibility study of the project
1.3 Understanding users’ motivations and to gather deep insights about a product
1.4 Challenges and benefits of the products
1.5 Understanding the product through literature survey and available resources
1.6 Market analysis of existing products
1.7 Finalizing the product specification
1.8 Preparing a project plan

2. Sensors, Actuators and ROS (2-2-0)
2.1 Sensors: GPS, GSM, Bluetooth, Tilt
2.2 Biometric, Pulse bit.
2.3 Temperature, Humidity.
2.4 Actuators: DC Motor.
2.5 Stepper motor
2.6 Servo motor
2.7 Solenoid valve
2.8 Speed control of motors
2.9 Controller: Arduino
2.10 Sensor communication and data fetching.
2.11 Arduino programming with sensors.
2.12 Controlling of actuator using sensors and programming.
2.13 Operation and control of servo motor
2.14 Operation and control of stepper motor
2.15 Operation control of DC motor
2.16 Output devices solenoid valves, relay, plunger
2.17 ROS & C++
2.18 What is Ubuntu & ROS.
2.19 Requirement and application of ROS.
2.20 ROS based simulation of Turtlbot.
2.21 Adding of robot with wheel & sensor.
2.22 Placing robot inside Gazebo.
2.23 Ubuntu basic command.
2.24 Installation of Ubuntu, ROS & Gazebo.
2.25 Turtlbot control application.
2.26 Gazebo based robot control and simulation.
2.27 Python and C++ based programming to control robot.

3. Design of Farm Machinery (2-0-1)

3.1 Basic design principles of farm machines,
3.2 Implements and tools.
3.3 Design of primary and secondary tillage implements,
3.4 Design of M.B. Plough
3.5 Design of Disc Plough,
3.6 Design of cultivator
3.7 Design of rotavator.
3.8 Design of seeders,
3.9 Design of planters,
3.10 Design of transplanting machines,
3.11 Design of fertilizer distributors.
3.12 Design of intercultural equipment,
3.13 Design of plant protection equipment.
3.14 Design of harvesting machines,
3.15 Design of threshing machines for cereals and pulses.
3.16 Design of chaff cutting unit,
3.17 Design of cleaning and grading unit,
3.18 Design of traction unit.
3.19 Presentation on design of smart farm machinery.

4. Piloting a Drone (1-2-0)
4.1 Recognizes DGCA Safety Regulations & amp;
4.2 Develop safety attitude while flying Drones.
4.3 Identifies & amp; selection of different types of Drones & amp;
4.4 Fundamentals of Flight (Aerodynamics),
4.5 ATC procedures & amp;
4.6 Radio Telephony,
4.7 Different regulations of DGCA,
4.8 Civil Aviation Requirements,
4.9 Weather and meteorology.
4.10 Develop and apply knowledge of Airframes& amp;
4.11 Electric motors Propellers
4.12 Identification Selection of Electronic Speed Controllers (ESC)
4.13 Flight Controllers for Drones
4.14 Recognizes application of Batteries, Chargers, Connectors, Transmitters
4.15 Receivers, Cameras, GimbalsOther payloads.
4.16 Application of knowledge of Ground Control Stations FPV
4.17 Perform Assembling
4.18 MRO & battery care of Drones
4.19 Identification & selection of basic operating features of a Drone Flight Simulator
4.20 Fly a Drone with instructor and then perform solo flight (Virtual reality training & live Drone flying).
4.21 Carry out entire flying operations from pre-flight
4.22 Checks to after flight checks while flying a drone in simulator training & live training.

5. PLM using Dassault Tools (1-2-0)

5.1 System Engineering Dymola

5.2 Finding energetic dimension of the desired product

5.3 Designing system and subsystem using behaviour modelling work bench

5.4 Getting familiar with Dymola- modellica library.

5.6 Understanding the behaviour of the model through input n output data

5.7 Customizing the product properties

5.8 System Integration with product dimension.

5.10 Functional and logical design of integrated product in system engineering.

5.11 3-D Model using CATIA

5.12 CATIA part design of different components

5.13 Surface designing for creating high end complex design

5.14 Assembly Designing of the complete product

5.15 Wire routing and entire harnessing of the design.

5.16 Mechanical system Designing of the product

5.17 CATIA live rendering

5.18 Behaviour experience of the complete product.

5.19 Design validation/Simulation using Simulia

5.20 Simulation using Simulia

5.21 Classification of simulation

5.22 Structural simulation, Thermal simulation and both

5.23 Linear and non linear analysis

5.24 CFD Analysis, Fatigue, Durability

5.25 Explicit Analysis, Crash Analysis(Abaqus

6. Testing of Farm Machinery (0-2-1)
6.1 Introduction to testing of agricultural implements in actual field conditions.
6.2 Test codes for agricultural machines.
6.3 Testing of seeding machine
6.4 Testing of weeding machine
6.5 Testing of plant protection equipment,
6.6 Testing of crop harvester
6.7 Testing of threshing machines.
6.8 Testing of self-propelled combine harvester i.e. standard header, stripper header.
6.9 Testing of power tiller drawn tillage
6.10 Testing of tractor PTO shaft
6.11 Draw bar performance evaluation.
6.12 Testing of tractor wheels and hydraulic system
6.13 Testing of tractor systems cooling system, Brake system etc.

7. Product Development Project (0-0-8)

To develop a DIGITAL product and validate it and innovate using Catia/Simulia/Dymola Tools in Dassault 3 D experience.

Session Plan for the Entire Domain:

1. Design Thinking and Managing Innovation Through GATE Process (1-2-0)

Session 1 1.1 Customer or User Requirement for Specification(Gate 0)
Session 2 1.2 Requirement gathering and feasibility study of the project
Session 3 1.3 Market analysis of existing products
Session 4 1.4 Finalizing the product specification and preparing a project plan
Session 5 1.5 Design Parameter Optimization in Dymola (Gate 1)
Session 6 1.6 Designing and simulating system and subsystem of the product using system Engineering Dymola
Session 7 1.7 Final functional and logical design of integrated product in system engineering with simulation.
Session 8 1.8 CATIA Drawing with Styling( Full product drawing) (Gate 2)
Session 9 1.9 Digital Testing and Validation of the Product Using Simulia (Gate 3)
Session 10 1.10 Regulatory Certification (Gate 4) BOM and Production planning and Vendors development (ENTRY)

Practice(2h) 1 1.1 Customer or User Requirement for Specification and Requirement gathering and feasibility study of the project
Practice(2h) 2 1.3 Market analysis of existing products and Finalizing the product specification and preparing a project plan
Practice(2h) 3 Review(Gate 0)
Practice(2h) 4 1.5 Design Parameter Optimization in Dymola
Practice(2h) 5 1.6 Designing and simulating system and subsystem of the product using system Engineering Dymola
Practice(2h) 6 Review(Gate 1)
Practice(2h) 7 1.7 Final functional and logical design of integrated product in system engineering with simulation.
Practice(2h) 8 1.8 CATIA Drawing with Styling( Full product drawing) (Gate 2)
Practice(2h) 9 Review
Practice(2h) 10 1.9 Digital Testing and Validation of the Product Using Simulia (Gate 3)
Practice(2h) 11 1.10.Regulatory Certification (Gate 4) BOM and Production planning and Vendors development (ENTRY)
Practice(2h) 12 Review

2. Sensors, Actuators and ROS (2-2-0)


Session1 2.1 Sensors: GPS, GSM, Bluetooth, Tilt,
Video link: Types of sensors
Session2 2.2 Sensors: Biometric, Pulse bit
Video link: Bio metric sensor
Session3 2.3 Temperature, Humidity.
Video link: Temperature sensors
Video link: Humidity sensor
Session4 2.4 Actuators: DC Motor.
Video link: Actuators
Session5 2.5 Stepper motor
Session6 2.6 Servo motor
Video link: Working of servo motor
Session7 2.7 Solenoid valve,
Video link: Solenoid valve
Session8 2.8 Speed control of motors.
Video link: DC motor control
Session9 2.9 Controller: Arduino
Session10 2.10 Practice, Sensor communication
Video link: Sensor communication
Session11 2.11 Practice, data fetching
Session12 2.12 Practice, Arduino programming with sensors.
Virtual lab using Proteus:Simulation with arduino
Session13 2.13 Practice, Controlling of actuator using sensors and programming.

Session14 2.14 Operation and control of servo motor
Virtual lab using Proteus: motor servo stepper
Video link: controlling servo motor
Session15 2.15 Operation and control of stepper motor
Video link: Controlling stepper motor
Session16 2.16 Operation control of DC motor
Session17 2.17 Output devices solenoid valves, relay, plunger
Session18 2.18 What is Ubuntu & ROS.
Video link: What is ROS
Session19 2.19 Requirement and application of ROS.
Session20 2.20 ROS based simulation of Turtlebot.
Video link: Turtlebot simulation in Gazebo with ROS
Session21 2.21 Adding of robot with wheel & sensor.
Video link: Wheel robot operation
Session22 2.22 Placing robot inside Gazebo.
Session23 2.23 Ubuntu basic command.
Video link: Basic Commands Ubuntu linux
Session24 2.24 Installation of Ubuntu, ROS & Gazebo
Session25 2.25 Turtlebot control application
Session26 2.26 Gazebo based robot control and simulation.
Video link: Simulated Model for Gazebo and ROS

Session27 2.27 Python and C++ based programming to control robot.

3. Design of Farm Machinery

Session 3.1 Basic design principles of farm machines
Session 3.2 Implements and tools.
Session 3.3 Design of M B plough
Session 3.4 Design of disc plough
Session 3.5 Design of cultivator
7 Design of Cultivator
Session 3.6 Design of rotavator
Notes_DESIGN OF ROTAVATOR
Session 3.7 Design of seeders
Session 3.8 Design of planters
13. Sowing machine design
Session 3.9 Transplanting machine
Session 3.10 Fertilizer distributor
Session 3.11 Intercultural equipment
Session 3.12 Plant protection equipment
CHEMICAL APPLICATION
Session 3.13 Design of harvesting machine
Session 3.14 Design of threshing machine for cereal and pulses
PPT_Design of threhsher
Session 3.15 Design of chaff cutting unit
Lecture notes: Test code for chaff cutter
Session 3.16 Design of cleaner and graders
Session 3.17 Design of traction unit
Session 3.18 Presentation on design of smart farm machinery.

Reference Books
1. Agricultural Machinery Theory and Construction by H. Bernacki, J. Haman, Cz. Kanafojski
2. Theory, construction and calculation of agricultural machines By Bosoi, E.S.; Verniaev, O.V.; Smirnov, I.I.; and Sultan Shakh, E.G.
3. Principle of Agricultural Machines By Ajit K. Srivastava, Carroll E. Goering, Roger P. Rohrbach and Dennis R. Buckmaster

4. Piloting a Drone

Session 1 4.1 Recognizes DGCA Safety Regulations

Video link: Rules and Regulations for Civil Aviation in India

Session 2 4.2 develop safety attitude while flying Drones

Session 3 4.3 Identify and select different types of Drones

Session 4 4.4 Fundamentals of Flight (Aerodynamics)

Video link: Fundamentals of flight

Session 5 4.5 ATC procedures & Radio Telephony

Video link: ATC Procedure

Session 6 4.6 Different regulations of DGCA

Session 7 4.7 Civil Aviation Requirements

Session 8 4.8 Weather and meteorology

Session 9 4.9 Develops & applies knowledge of Airframes

Video Link:Drone Design_selecting airfoil

Session 10 4.10 Electric motors & Propellers

Video Link: Making a Drone with Lego Motors and Propellers

Session 11 4.11 Identify & select Electronic Speed Controllers (ESC)

Video link: Electronic speed controller

Session 12 4.12 Identify & select flight Controllers for Drones

Video link: Flight controller

Session 13 4.13 Recognizes application of Batteries, Chargers & Connectors

Session 14 4.14 Recognizes application of BTransmitters & Receivers, Cameras, Gimbals & other payloads

Session 15 4.15 Applies knowledge of Ground Control Stations & FPV

Video link: Ground control system for FPV & UAV

Session 16 4.16 Performs Assembling, MRO & battery care of Drones

Session 17 4.17 Identifies & selects Basic operating features of a Drone Flight Simulator

Video link: Drone flight simulator

Session 18 4.18 Fly a Drone with instructor and then perform solo flight (Virtual reality training & live Drone flying)

Session 19 4.19 Carry out entire flying operations from pre-flight checks to after flight checks while flying a drone in simulator training & live training

Video link: Pre-flight check for drone

5.PLM Tools on Dassault Platform ( Design and Validation using Dymola, Catia, Simulia) (1-2-0)
Session 1 5.1 System Engineering Dymola
Video link: System engineering dyamola
Session 2 5.2 Finding energetic dimension of the desired product
Session 3 5.3 Designing system and subsystem using behaviour modelling work bench
Session 4 5.4 Getting familiar with Dymola- modellica library.
Video link: Introduction to Modelica and Dymola
Session 5 5.5 Understanding the behavior of the model through input n output data
Session 6 5.6 Customizing the product properties
Session 7 5.7 System Integration with product dimension.
Session 8 5.8 Functional and logical design of integrated product in system engineering.
Session 9 5.9 3D Model using CATIA
Video link: 3D modeling CATIA
Session 10 5.10 CATIA part design of different components
Video link: Part Design
Session 11 5.11 Surface designing for creating high-end complex design
Video link: Surface design
Session 12 5.12 Assembly Designing of the complete product
Video link: Assembly Designing
Session 13 5.13 Wire routing and entire harnessing of the design.
Session 14 5.14 Mechanical system Designing of the product
Video link: Mechanical Systems Design
Session 15 5.15 CATIA live rendering
Video link: Rendering
Session 16 5.16 Behaviour experience of the complete product.
Video link: Behavior experience
Session 17 5.17 Design validation/Simulation using Simulia
Video link: Manufacturing Simulation
Session 18 5.18 Simulation using Simulia, Classification of simulation, Structural simulation, Thermal simulation and both
Video link: Basics of Element Selection
Session 19 5.19 Linear and nonlinear analysis
Session 20 5.20 CFD Analysis, Fatigue, Durability,Explicit Analysis, Crash Analysis(Abaqus)

Video link: CFD analysis

6. Testing of Farm Machinery
Session 1 6.1 Introduction to testing of agricultural implements in actual field conditions.
Lecture notes: Test Code for Mouldboard Ploughs

Session 2 6.2 Test codes for agricultural machines.
Session 3 6.3 Testing of seeding machine
Lecture notes:Sowing Equipment - Seed-cum-fertilizer Drill - Test Code
Session 4 6.4 Testing of weeding machine
Session 5 6.5 Testing of plant protection equipment,
Video link Testing of drone operated sprayer
Video link: Nozzle testing
Session 6 6.6 Testing of crop harvester
Session 7 6.7 Testing of threshing machines.
Lecture notes: POWER THRESHER FOR CEREALS
Session 8 6.8 Testing of self-propelled combine harvester i.e. standard header, stripper header.
Lecture notes:COMBINE HARVESTER-THRESHER Part-I
Video link: Testing of combine harvester
Session 9 6.9 Testing of power tiller drawn tillage
Session 10 6.10 Testing of tractor PTO shaft
Lecture notes:tractor PTO is.12036.1995
Video link: Tractor PTO Test
Session 11 6.11 Draw bar performance evaluation.
Lecture notes:Power tests for drawbar
Session 12 6.12 Testing of tractor wheels and hydraulic system
Session 13 6.13 Testing of tractor systems cooling system, Brake system etc.

Lecture notes:Tractor Braking performance

List of Projects/ papers/jobs/products to be done in domain:

1. Development of drone for chemical application on the agricultural crops.
2. Development of smart Weeder.
3. Development of Smart planter.

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