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Hydrology & Irrigation

Hydrology & Irrigation


Kamal Kumar Barik


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Course Name : Hydrology and Irrigation

Code(Credit) : CUTM2372 (1-2-0)

Course Objectives

  • To study the basic principles and movement of ground water and properties of ground water flow.

  • To study the watershed characters and applications.

  • To study the ground water resources mapping and surface water resources mapping.

  • To study the hydrological disaster and role of earth observation technology.

Course Outcomes

  • An ability to manipulate hydrological data and undertake widely used data analysis.

  • An ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools related to groundwater modelling.

  • Project oriented skills shall be gained by students to work efficiently in survey, planning, design and construction in irrigation sector.

Course Syllabus

Hydrological cycle, Types of Rainfall, Precipitation - measurement - average precipitation over a basin, evaporation, transpiration, infiltration - Infiltration indices. Runoff -Overland flow, Types of aquifers.

Practice Session: (1hr)
1 Determination of infiltration capacity using double ring infiltrometer. 1hr

Direct runoff, Base flow, separation of base flow- Hydrograph, Unit hydrograph - Assumptions of Unit hydrograph, derivation of unit hydrograph from direct runoff hydrograph, Computation of direct runoff hydrograph for different storms using unit hydrograph theory.

Practice Session:(2hr)
2 Construction of double mass curve using Python. 1hr
3 Hydrograph analysis using Python. 1hr

Floods- type and causes of occurrence, flood classification- probable maximum flood, standard project flood, design flood, Flood forecasting, Flood routing-channel routing, Flood protections.

Practice Session:(2 hr)
4 Determination of flood stage-discharge relationship in a watershed using python. 1hr
5 Determination of flood peak-area relationships using python. 1hr

Ground water flow: Specific yield, storage coefficient, coefficient of permeability, confined and unconfined aquifers, types of aquifers, radial flow into a well under confined and unconfined conditions (only steady state conditions), Yield of a well, Borewell.

Practice Session:(2hr)
6 Exploration of Ground water using Electrical Resistivity Method.2hr

Dams and their causes of failure, economical height of dam, planning of water resources projects, Reservoir Planning: Storage capacity of reservoirs, Yield from reservoir, Reservoir losses, reservoir sedimentation.

Practice Session:(4 hr)
7 Design of Stability analysis of gravity dam. 2hr
8 Various cases of Failure of concrete gravity dam.2hr

Water requirements of crops, consumptive use, quality of water for irrigation, irrigation methods and their efficiencies.

Practice Session: (2hr)
9 Numerical analysis of Irrigation Parameters (Duty, Base Period, Delta and Efficiencies).2hr

Classification of canals, Canal losses, Alignment of main and distributary canals, most efficient section, Cross section of irrigation canals, water logging - causes and control.

Practice Session:(3hr)
10 Design of irrigation canal using Kennedy’s and Lacey’s theory. 2 hr
11 Design of lined canal. 1hr
12 Design of head regulators and cross regulators. 2hr
13 Field visits for various irrigation structures.

E Books:

  1. Todd D.K., (2000) Ground Water Hydrology, John Wiley and Sons,
  2. Subramanya (2008) Engineering Hydrology, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited.
  3. Ahmadi, A., Akhbari., M., and Karamouz, M (2011) Groundwater Hydrology: Engineering, Planning and Management, CRC Press.
  4. Saeid Eslamian (2014) Handbook of Engineering Hydrology: Environmental hydrology and water management, CRC Press.
  5. G. Anderson and Jeffrey J Mc Donnell (2005) Encyclopedia of hydrological Science, J Wiley.

Session Plan

Session 1

Hydrological cycle, Types of Rainfall, Precipitation



Session 2

Evaporation, transpiration,

InfiltrationprecipitationTranspiration, Infiltration indices

Session 3

Ground water flow, Types of aquifersGroundwater_Aqifer

Session 4

Hydrograph: Direct runoff, Base flow, separation of base flowHyetograph

Session 5

Practice: 1 Determination of infiltration capacity using double ring infiltrometer

Session 6

Practice: 2

1. Construction of double mass curve using EXCEL

2. Hydrograph analysis using EXCEL.

Session 7

Flood damage analysis, Flood estimation, Frequency analysis, Flood routing through reservoirs and open channels


Session 8

Necessity of Rainwater HarvestingRainwater Harvesting_1, Importance of Rain water harvesting, Rainwater harvesting method

Session 9

Practice: 3

Mapping of Drainage order from toposheets

Session 10

Groundwater Pollution: Sources of pollution; Municipal, Industrial, Agriculture and Miscellaneous, Potential evaluation of groundwater pollution

Session 11

Types, Investigations, Site selection, Zones of storage, Safe yield, Reservoir capacity, Reservoir sedimentation and control


Session 12

Introduction to Dams Introduction and types of dams, spillways and ancillary works, Site assessment and selection of type of dam, Information about major dams and reservoirs of India.

DAM and its Type

Case Studies

Our Main Teachers

Dr. Kamal Kumar Barik is presently working as Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, CUTM, Bhubaneswar Campus. He did his Ph.D. at SRM University, Chennai in the field of Remote Sensing and GIS. He has been more than 8 years of teaching experience at Post Graduate level (M.Sc. and M.Tech.). Previously he was served as […]