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MODULE I :
Basics of Fingerprinting
Introduction and history, with special reference to India.
Biological basis of fingerprints. Formation of ridges. Fundamental principles of fingerprinting. Types of fingerprints. Fingerprint patterns. Fingerprint characters/minutiae. Plain and rolled fingerprints.
Classification and cataloguing of fingerprint record. Automated Fingerprint Identification System.
Significance of poroscopy and edgeoscopy.
MODULE II :
Development of Fingerprints
Latent prints. Constituents of sweat residue. Latent fingerprints’ detection by physical and chemical
Mechanism of detection of fingerprints by different developing reagents.
Application of light sources in fingerprint detection.
Preservation of developed fingerprints.
Digital imaging for fingerprint enhancement.
Fingerprinting the deceased. Developing fingerprints on gloves.
MODULE III :
Importance of footprints. Casting of foot prints, Electrostatic lifting of latent foot prints. Palm prnts.
Lip prints - Nature, location, collection and examination of lip prints. Ear prints and their significance.
Palm prints and their historical importance.
1.J.E. Cowger, Friction Ridge Skin, CRC Press, Boca Raton (1983).
2. D.A. Ashbaugh, Quantitative-Qualitative Friction Ridge Analysis, CRC Press, Boca
3. C. Champod, C. Lennard, P. Margot an M. Stoilovic, Fingerprints and other Ridge Skin
Impressions, CRC Press, Boca Raton (2004).
4. Lee and Gaensleen’s, Advances in Fingerprint Technology, 3rd Edition, R.S.
Ramotowski (Ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton (2013)
Formation of ridges
Mechanism of detection of fingerprints by different developing reagents
Developing fingerprints on gloves
Importance of footprints
Ear prints and their significance
Palm prints and their historical importance